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Ontario - Wikipedia. Ontario. Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin)(. Pickle Lake & Atikokan)Postal abbr. ONPostal code prefix.
KLMNPISO 3. 16. 6 code. CA- ONFlower. White Trillium. Tree. Eastern White Pine. Bird. Common loon. Websitewww. ontario. Rankings include all provinces and territories.
Order Paper Questions and Responses. This page provides a detailed summary of the questions listed in the Orders and Notices Paper, the official agenda of the House. The aboriginal people of North America are variously called First Nations, Native, Indian or Amerindian. In the northeastern parts of Ontario, extending far as south as Kirkland Lake, the cold waters of Hudson Bay depress summer temperatures, making it cooler than other.
Ontario (i; French pronunciation: . Ontario is fourth- largest in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included. Almost all of Ontario's 2,7. United States follows inland waterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system. These are the Rainy River, the Pigeon River, Lake Superior, the St.
Marys River, Lake Huron, the St. Clair, the Detroit River, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, Lake Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario, to the Quebec boundary just east of Cornwall, Ontario. There is only about 1 km (0. Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border. The great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is located in the south.
In contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and is heavily forested. Etymology. The highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 6. Temagami, Northeastern Ontario.
In the south, elevations of over 5. Collingwood, above the Blue Mountains in the Dundalk Highlands and in hilltops near the Madawaska River in Renfrew County. The Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern region of the province. The temperate and fertile Great Lakes- Saint Lawrence Valley in the south is part of the Eastern Great Lakes lowland forestsecoregion where the forest has now been largely replaced by agriculture, industrial and urban development. A well- known geographic feature is Niagara Falls, part of the Niagara Escarpment.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway allows navigation to and from the Atlantic Ocean as far inland as Thunder Bay in Northwestern Ontario. Northern Ontario occupies roughly 8. Southern Ontario contains 9. Point Pelee is a peninsula of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario (near Windsor and Detroit, Michigan) that is the southernmost extent of Canada's mainland. Pelee Island and Middle Island in Lake Erie extend slightly farther.
The region has warm to hot, humid summers and cold winters. Annual precipitation ranges from 7. Most of this region lies in the lee of the Great Lakes, making for abundant snow in some areas. In December 2. 01.
This region has warm and sometimes hot summers with colder, longer winters, ample snowfall (even in regions not directly in the snowbelts) and annual precipitation similar to the rest of Southern Ontario. The same is true on the northern shore of Lake Superior, which cools hot humid air from the south, leading to cooler summer temperatures. These regions have higher annual precipitation in some case over 1. The northernmost parts of Ontario — primarily north of 5. With no major mountain ranges blocking sinking Arcticair masses, temperatures of . Snowfall accumulation can be high in some areas.
London, situated in Southern(Southwestern) Ontario, has the most lightning strikes per year in Canada, averaging 3. In a typical year, Ontario averages 1. However, over the last 4 years. Ontario had a record 2.
Tropical depression remnants occasionally bring heavy rains and winds in the south, but are rarely deadly. A notable exception was Hurricane Hazel which struck Southern Ontario centred on Toronto, in October 1. History. In 1. 78. Province of Quebec, southern Ontario was divided into four districts: Hesse, Lunenburg, Mecklenburg, and Nassau.
In 1. 79. 2, the four districts were renamed: Hesse became the Western District, Lunenburg became the Eastern District, Mecklenburg became the Midland District, and Nassau became the Home District. Counties were created within the districts. By 1. 79. 8, there were eight districts: Eastern, Home, Johnstown, London, Midland, Newcastle, Niagara, and Western.
By 1. 82. 6, there were eleven districts: Bathurst, Eastern, Gore, Home, Johnstown, London, Midland, Newcastle, Niagara, Ottawa, and Western. By 1. 83. 8, there were twenty districts: Bathurst, Brock, Colbourne, Dalhousie, Eastern, Gore, Home, Huron, Johnstown, London, Midland, Newcastle, Niagara, Ottawa, Prince Edward, Simcoe, Talbot, Victoria, Wellington, and Western. In 1. 84. 9, the districts of southern Ontario were abolished by the Province of Canada, and county governments took over certain municipal responsibilities. The Province of Canada also began creating districts in sparsely populated Northern Ontario with the establishment of Algoma District and Nipissing District in 1. The borders of Ontario, its new name in 1. When the Province of Canada was formed, its borders were not entirely clear, and Ontario claimed eventually to reach all the way to the Rocky Mountains and Arctic Ocean. With Canada's acquisition of Rupert's Land, Ontario was interested in clearly defining its borders, especially since some of the new areas in which it was interested were rapidly growing.
After the federal government asked Ontario to pay for construction in the new disputed area, the province asked for an elaboration on its limits, and its boundary was moved north to the 5. Ontario's right to Northwestern Ontario was determined by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in 1. Canada (Ontario Boundary) Act, 1. Parliament of the United Kingdom. By 1. 89. 9, there were seven northern districts: Algoma, Manitoulin, Muskoka, Nipissing, Parry Sound, Rainy River, and Thunder Bay.
Four more northern districts were created between 1. Cochrane, Kenora, Sudbury and Timiskaming. French settlement was hampered by their hostilities with the Iroquois, who allied themselves with the British. The 1. 76. 3 Treaty of Paris ended the Seven Years' War by awarding nearly all of France's North American possessions (New France) to Britain.
The region was annexed to Quebec in 1. Other Iroquois were resettled in 1. Six Nations reserve at the west end of Lake Ontario. The population of Canada west of the St. Lawrence- Ottawa River confluence substantially increased during this period, a fact recognized by the Constitutional Act of 1.
Quebec into the Canadas: Upper Canada southwest of the St. Lawrence- Ottawa River confluence, and Lower Canada east of it. John Graves Simcoe was appointed Upper Canada's first Lieutenant governor in 1. However, eventually the Americans gained control of Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. During the Battle of York in 1.
American troops occupied the Town of York. The Americans looted the town and burned the Parliament Buildings during the brief occupation. After the War of 1. Europe rather than from the United States.
As was the case in the previous decades, this immigration shift was encouraged by the colonial leaders. Despite affordable and often free land, many arriving newcomers, mostly from Britain and Ireland, found frontier life with the harsh climate difficult, and some of those with the means eventually returned home or went south.
However, population growth far exceeded emigration in the decades that followed. It was a mostly agrarian- based society, but canal projects and a new network of plank roads spurred greater trade within the colony and with the United States, thereby improving previously damaged relations over time. Meanwhile, Ontario's numerous waterways aided travel and transportation into the interior and supplied water power for development. As the population increased, so did the industries and transportation networks, which in turn led to further development. By the end of the century, Ontario vied with Quebec as the nation's leader in terms of growth in population, industry, arts and communications. This resentment spurred republican ideals and sowed the seeds for early Canadian nationalism.
Accordingly, rebellion in favour of responsible government rose in both regions; Louis- Joseph Papineau led the Lower Canada Rebellion and William Lyon Mackenzie led the Upper Canada Rebellion. Canada West. He recommended that self- government be granted and that Lower and Upper Canada be re- joined in an attempt to assimilate the French Canadians.
Accordingly, the two colonies were merged into the Province of Canada by the Act of Union 1. Kingston, and Upper Canada becoming known as Canada West. Parliamentary self- government was granted in 1.
There were heavy waves of immigration in the 1. Canada West more than doubled by 1. As a result, for the first time the English- speaking population of Canada West surpassed the French- speaking population of Canada East, tilting the representative balance of power. An economic boom in the 1. Central Canada. With the repeal of the Corn Laws and a reciprocity agreement in place with United States, various industries such as timber, mining, farming and alcohol distilling benefited tremendously. A political stalemate between the French- and English- speaking legislators, as well as fear of aggression from the United States during and immediately after the American Civil War, led the political elite to hold a series of conferences in the 1.
British North American colonies. The British North America Act took effect on July 1, 1.
Dominion of Canada, initially with four provinces: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec and Ontario. The Province of Canada was divided into Ontario and Quebec so that each linguistic group would have its own province. Both Quebec and Ontario were required by section 9.
British North America Act to safeguard existing educational rights and privileges of Protestant and the Catholic minority. Thus, separate Catholic schools and school boards were permitted in Ontario.
However, neither province had a constitutional requirement to protect its French- or English- speaking minority. Toronto was formally established as Ontario's provincial capital.
Provincehood. In 1. Oliver Mowat became Premier of Ontario and remained as premier until 1.